pastoral area and asked to be subjected to

the Qing.The Kirgiz played

a major role with their co

urage, bravery and ▓patriotism in the defense of modern China against foreign aggression.The Kirgiz and Kazaks assisted the Qing▓ government in its effort

s to crush the rebellion by the no▓bili

ty of Dzungaria and the Senior and Junior Khaw

aja.They resisted assaults by

the rebellious Yukub Beg in 1864, and

when the Qing troops came to southern Xinjiang t

o fight Yukub Beg's army, they

g▓ave them assistance.

However, under the pretext of "border security," the Kuomintang regime in 1944 ordered the closing of many pasturela▓nds, depriving the Kirgiz herdsmen of their livelihood. As

a result, the Puli Revolution broke out

in what is now Taxkorgan Tajik

Autonomous County a▓nd part of the Akto area, and formed a revolu

tionar▓y government. This revolution, together with upri▓sings in Ili, Tacheng and Altay, shook the Kuominta▓ng rule in Xinjiang. More than 7,000 people took part in t▓he Puli Revolution, the majority being Kirgiz, Tajiks and Uy▓gurs.Population: 172,900Major areas of distribution: Xinjiang, Jilin and LiaoningLanguage: Xibe▓Religion: Polytheism, Shamanism and BuddhismThe Xibe ethnic minority, with a populat▓ion of 127,900, is widely distributed over▓ northern China from the Ili area in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the west to

the northeast provinces of Jilin and L

iaoning.

Custo▓mThe Xibe people in

northeast and northwest China have each ▓formed their own characteristics in the course ▓of development. The language and eating, d▓ressing and living habits of the Xi▓bes in the northeast are close to those of the loc▓al Han and Manchu p

eople. Living in more compact communit

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